Tonight's Taraweeh consists of the remaining quarter [JUZ 8] plus 2/3 of of Qa-lal Mala ul-ladhina [Juz 9].
In this evening's Taraweeh we will Insha'Allah complete the remaining half
of Surah Al A'raf and half of Surah Al-Anfal.
We also told about Nabee Nuh (Noah) Alayhis Salaam and how he was rejected, ridiculed and taunted by his people and how they were ultimately destroyed by the great Flood. Nabee Hud Alaiyhis Salaam was defied by his people - the 'Ad so they were punished and were swept away by devastating tornado of hot wind. Their successors - the Thamud were equally as bad and treated Nabee Salih Alayhis Salaam with, contempt, pride and injustice. They were completely destroyed and buried by an earthquake. Nabee Lut (Lot) Alayhis Salaam warned his people to refrain from their evil ways, their lusts and heinous deeds. They disobeyed and continued to reject the warnings and were eventually destroyed when fire and brimstone rained upon them. The people of Midian indulged in fraud and evil deeds. Nabee Shu'aib Alayhis Salaam's warnings too were totally ignored and they too were severely punished and perished when they were buried by an earthquake.
The story of Nabee Moosa Alayhis Salaam is now recounted. His struggles to free his oppressed people - the Bani Isra'eel from Fir'aun (Pharoah) and his eventual success by leading them towards the Promised Land. [This is an illustration of the struggles, the sacrifices, the trials and tribulations of our Beloved Nabee Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam and his ultimate victory against the unbelievers]. The people of Nabee Moosa Alayhis Salaam corrupted the Divine Laws and Commandments of Almighty Allah and continued to ridicule and break their covenants with Almighty Allah because they rejected Nabee Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam after he brought the Divine Light and Guidance to them as well. The truthful ones from among them accepted Islam while those who rejected were "broken into different sections" and were scattered throughout the world.
"Mankind has been blessed with the nature of goodness created within them: yet doth Almighty Allah by His Signs keep up a constant reminder to men of His Holy Names. Those who err scarce realise how gradually they fall into sin. Their respite has a term; the doom must come, and it may be suddenly. So humbly draw closer to Almighty Allah Rabbul Ala'meen, declare His Glory,and rejoice in His Service."
In the previous introductions to the Surahs we have seen how each Surah is a step or gradation in the teaching of the Most Holy Qur'an. The first seven Surahs, comprising a little less than one third of the Holy Qur'an, form a gradation, sketching the early spiritual history of man and leading up to the formation of the new Muslim Ummah or Community of Almighty Allah's Beloved Nabee Muhammad Ibn Abdullah - Rahmatul Liel Ala'meen Sallallahoo Alayhi Wasallam. Now we begin another gradation, consolidating the Muslim Ummah and directing them to various phases in their new collective life.
Tonight we have the lessons of the Battle of Badr enforced in their larger aspects: (1) the question of war booty; (2) the true virtues necessary for fighting the good fight; (3) victory against all odds; (4) clemency and consideration for one's own and for others in the hour of victory. As regards booty taken in battle, the first point to note is that that should never be our aim in war. It is only an adventitious circumstance, a sort of windfall. Secondly, no soldier or troop has any inherrent right to it.
A righteous war is a community affair, and any accessions resulting from it belongs to Almighty Allah Tabaraqa Wata'ala, or community or Cause. Thirdly, certain equitable principles of division should be laid down to check human greed and selfishness. 20% goes to the Baitul Maal for the relief of the poor and suffering, the orphans and the widows. 80% was to the Mujahideen.
These principles are followed in the best modern practice of civilised nations. All acquisitions of war booty belong absolutely to the Sovereign as representing the commonwealth. In the distribution of booty not only the actual captors but also the "joint captors" and the "constructive captors" share. As regards the military virtues, which are the types of virtues throughout life, we are shown by an analysis of the incidents of Badr how against the greatest odds, Almighty Allah's help will give victory if men are fighting not for themselves but for the Sacred Cause of Almighty Allah Subhanahu Wata'ala.
Directions are given for the treatment of prisoners and for maintaining the solidarity of the Muslim Ummah. The date of this Surah is shortly after the Battle of Badr, which was fought on Friday the 17th of Ramadan in the second year of the Hijrah. Obedience and intelligent discipline, zeal, faith and gratitude to Almighty Allah Rabbul Izzat, are the true passports to success and protection from the assaults of evil for evil will be piled up with evil and will be destroyed.
And Almighty Allah knows best
To be continued Insha'Allah.............
Abdul Hamid Lachporia