Tonight's Taraweeh consists of Wa-ith Sami-U [Juz 7] in its entirety plus half of [Juz 8].
This is a Surah of the late Makkan period. A great part was revealed in its entirety.
The reason for placing this Surah in this section of the Most Holy Qur'an
is simply because this Surah is a continuation of the spiritual history
of mankind from where the previous Surah left off.
Up until now, the Most Glorious Qur'an has discussed the creation of man, leading onto the history of the Ahle Kitaab and how they corrupted and adulterated the Divine Message of Almighty Allah, the advent of Islam, and the Rules, Laws and regulations governing the Muslim Ummah. The next step is to contrast the teachings of Islam with the beliefs of the Pagan Arabs [or the Mushrikeen).
The nature of Almighty Allah Exalted is discussed. He alone is the Creator, Sustainer and the All-Truth. Why does man disobey Him? He Alone is the Rabb of the heavens and the earth. Next comes the the weakness of paganism. "They reject the Truth when it reaches them" - for they claim that "this is nothing more than magic." Here Almighty Allah invites the unbelievers to "travel through the earth and see what remains of those earlier nations who rejected the Truth." - they were all completely destroyed and they will be the losers in the Hereafter as well.
The life of the world is "but play and amusement, but the best is the home in the Hereafter". All the Messengers Alayhim Salaam are not discouraged if the people reject Almighty Allah's Message. They want to be deaf, dumb and blind even though they witness Almighty Allah's magnificent handiwork in all creation. Everything in the heavens and earth conforms to the Will of the Glorious Creator for He alone is the Knower of the Unseen.
The most wonderful perfection in Creation must convince mankind that all this is only Allah's doing and everything in His creation is under His care and guidance. This is the argument that Nabee Ebrahim Alayhis Salaam put forward in his dispute with those worshippers of false idols whom they worshipped as gods. A very important point is brought out against the worshippers of the sun and the moon:
Nabee Ebrahim Alayhis Salaam rejected them in toto as his gods because the sun disappears when the day is over and it cannot offer its radiance and warmth all the time. Similarly the moon whose radiance is so splendid, cannot offer any radiance once it sets. In short, it would be futile to accept either of them as gods because they themselves have been created for a purpose and there are limits to their abilities. The Creator is surely Almighty Allah Rabbul Ala'meen, because His Light - the Most Glorious Qur'an shines all the time to offer us Divine Guidance.
The succession of prophets after Nabee Ebrahim Alayhis Salaam kept Almighty Allah's Truth alive and led up to the birth of Nabee Muhammad Rahmatul - Liel Ala'meen Sallalahoo Alayhi Wasallam and the revelation of the Noble Qur'an. The knowledge of the existence and understanding of Almighty Rabbul Ala'meen, His Majesty, His Goodness and His Greatness can be gained by studying His Creation and by studying His Divine Messages to mankind. The stubborn and evil deceived and are been led astray therefore they should be avoided. Though they turn for assistance to one another, Allah will not aid them. They will receive their punishment in due time.
Almighty Allah Azza Wajjal's Law will be carried out, despite the crimes and evil manipulations of the Kuffar and Mushrikeen. Follow the Path of Seeratal Mustaqeem (The Straight Path) so that we can attain the good life in this world and in the Akhirah.
An important lesson that is brought to light is "to learn from the past." Divine revelation can and will forever assist us in this regard. The struggle between Good and Evil is illustrated by the story of Nabee Adam Alayhis Salaam and Iblis when he (Iblis) refused to bow down to Nabee Adam Alayhis Salaam as commanded by Almighty Allah Azza Wajjal. Iblis was full of pride because how could he bow down to something created from clay when he was created out of fire. He was overcome with jealousy because of the high status given to Nabee Adam Alayhis Salaam by Almighty Allah Exalted. Iblis proved his rebelliousness after tempting Nabee Adam Alayhis Salaam to commit a wrong deed. Iblis was banished and asked for and was granted respite by Almighty Allah till the Day of Qiyamah. Nabee Adam Alayhis Salaam begged for forgiveness and was forgiven for his wrongful deed.
The Power, the Goodness and the Glory of Almighty Allah Subhanahu Wata'ala are made manifest. We are told to adorn our lives with good deeds and to shun evil, to submit to Divine Justice and to be moderate in our eating habits etc. The reward, the peace, the happiness and contentment of the righteous servants are shown a picture of the life awaiting them in the Akhirah. The Majesty, the Goodness and the Power of Almighty Allah throughout the world is shown to us. Almighty Allah reminds us to shun all evil and to partake of all the good and wholesome things that He has created for our enjoyment.
And Almighty Allah knows best
To be continued Insha'Allah.............
Abdul Hamid Lachporia