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24th Night of Taraweeh



Tonight's Taraweeh consists of half of Ha-Meem (JUZ 26) a d remaining of [JUZ 25].
The Surahs that will be covered are:  
Surah Al Dukhan and Surah At Jathiyah. Surah Ahqaf,
Surah Muhammad, Surah Al-Fat'h and Surah Al-Hujuraat


The theme of this particular Surah is how worldly pride and power are humbled in the dust if they resist spiritual forces, and how Evil and Good find their true setting in the Hereafter. The title word DUKHAN occurs in verse 10. It means smoke or mist, and may refer to a drought or famine. The "smoke" or "mist" is interpreted on good authority to refer to a severe famine in Makkah, in which men were pinched with hunger that they saw mist before their eyes when they looked at the sky. But as either or both of these famines lasted as many as seven years, the dates are to be taken very roughly. It is even possible that the two famines were continuous, of varying severity from year to year. Bukhari mentions only the post Hijrah famine, which was apparently so severe that men began to eat bones and carrion. Abu Sufyan approached the Nabee Sallallahoo Alayhi Wasallam to intercede and pray for the removal of the famine, as the Pagans attributed it to the curse of the Nabee S.A.W.

Summary: - Revelation explains clearly how worldly pride and arrogance may come to naught, even at long odds, against spiritual truths. A people may be given all blessings and may fall in its trust, as did the Bani Is'rail: will the Quraysh learn the lesson of Good and Evil? The children of Bani Is'rail were granted gifts and favours but they became arrogant and fell. Can the Quraysh escape the doom for sin? We created the world for just ends. The Day will come when good and evil will be sorted out. Each will meet the fruits of its own deeds. Give good heed to the Message revealed, and wait and watch.


Summary: - The title, Al Jathiyah ["The Kneeling Down" or "Bowing the Knee"] taken from verse 28, expresses the leading idea in the Surah. In this life, in spite of the Signs of Allah, and the evidence of His Goodness all around, men go about in Unfaith, and mocking at Faith, but the end will bring them all to their knees. The Signs of Allah are everywhere. His Power, Wisdom, and Goodness are shown through all creation and in revelation. How can man be so ungrateful as to reject true Guidance, reaping thus the fruits of evil? But men of Faith have patience and forgive their weaker brethren, and trust in the final justice of Allah. Form no sects, as was done aforetime, nor make your lusts your gods. The future is sure, and in the hands of Allah, to Whom all will bend the knee, when Truth will shine in all its glory. So praise and glory to Allah, the Lord and Cherisher of all the worlds.   

[The Winding Sand-Tracts]

The Ahqaf [mentioned in verse 21] are the long and winding crooked tracts of sand hills, characteristic of the country of the 'Ad people in Hadramawt, Yemen. These people had, at that time, probably a fertile irrigated country, but their evil deeds brought on the calamity mentioned in verses 24 and 25. The lesson of this Surah is that if the Truth is challenged, the challenge will be duly answered and Truth vindicated.

Summary: - All Creation has a Purpose behind it: Truth and Revelation will be vindicated, and those who question it will be undone by the very means by which they set such store: the righteous should wait in patience and constancy. Creation is for just ends, and Falsehood is but straying from the Path. Say what people may - Truth carries its own vindication: Follow it firmly. Let age think of youth, and youth not turn rebellious. There are fine gradations in the Kingdom of Allah: then strive for the best. Let not pride and arrogance undo you. The humble are often the best recipients of Truth. All will come right in good time so persevere with patient firmness of purpose. Justice that seems to tarry comes really on swiftest foot but sure.


This Surah deals with the organisation of the Muslim Ummah or community both for external defence and in internal relations. The Surah deals with the necessity of defence against external foes by courage and strenuous fighting, and dates from about the first year of the Hijrah, when the Muslims were under threat of extinction by invasion from Makkah.

Summary: - Aggressive hostility to Faith and Truth should be fought firmly, and Allah will guide. Faint heartedness condemned; those who strive and those who turn away will be sorted out. No plots against Truth will succeed. Those who follow both will be strengthened. Be firm in the fight, and Allah will guide. Rebellion against Allah is destructive. Fidelity will cool the mind and feed the heart. It will warm the effections and sweeten life.

Hypocrisy carries its own doom. Those eager for service want the call for service. But the hypocrites blanch at such call. If it were not obeyed, and evil should get the upper hand, will it not stalk arrogant over the land, and trample under foot all claims of right and kinship? Fight it. And fail not in the test of you mettle. Be bold and establish the Flag of Righteousness in the highest places. Thus comes Peace, for which due sacrifice must be made.

[The Victory].

This Surah was revealed during the month of Dhu al Qa'dah A.H. 6 [February 628] after the Treaty of Hudaybiyah was signed between the Muslims and the Makkan Pagans. Al Hudaybiyah is a plain, a short day's march to the North of Makkah, a little to the West of the Madinah-Makkah road, as used during the Nabee Sallallahoo Alayhi Wasallam's time. Six years had past since the Nabee Sallallahoo Alayhi Wasallam had left his beloved City, and it has been in the hands of the Pagan autocracy.

Islam had grown during those six years. Its Qiblah was towards the Ka'bah. The Pagans had tried to attack Islam at various times and had been foiled. It was during the month of Dhu al Qa'dah when the Nabee Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam accompanied by fourteen or fifteen hundred unarmed Muslims, set out to perform the Umrah. The Pagan autocracy at Makkah prepared to prevent the peaceful party from performing Umrah and they marched out to fight the unarmed Muslims.

The Nabee Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam turned a little to the West of the road, and encamped at Hudaybiyah, where negotiations took place. The Nabee Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam was unwilling to give the Quraysh any pretended excuse for violence, on the other, the Quraysh had learnt, by six years' bitter experience, that their power was crumbling on all sides, and Islam was growing with its moral and spiritual forces, which were reflected in its powers of organisation and resistance. A peaceful treaty was concluded, known as the Treaty of Hudaybiyah was a tremendous victory for Islam. Victory comes from cool courage, devotion, faith, and patience, as shown at Hudaybiyah; therefore remember Almighty Allah, and follow His Beloved Nabee Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam.

[The Chambers].

Its subject matter is the manners to be observed by the members of the rapidly growing Muslim community, among themselves and towards its Leader. The keyword "Hujurat" [Chambers] occurs in verse 4. Its date is referred to the Year of Deputations, A.H. 9 when a large number of deputations of all kinds visited Madinah to offer their allegiance to Islam.

Summary: - A community must show its respect to its Leader in all forms of behaviour. Quarrels are unseemly and should be composed; manners spring from morals; and mutual respect and confidence are a duty and a privilege in Islam. Honour depends, not on race, but on righteousness. Faith is not a matter of words, but of accepting Allah's Will and striving in His Cause. The coming into Islam confers no favour on others but is itself a favour and a privilege, a guidance for those who are true and sincere.

And Almighty Allah knows best

To be continued Insha'Allah.............

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