Tonight we complete Wa'ma min Daab bah (JUZ 12).
The Surahs being covered this evening are:
Surah Hud in its entirety, and half of Surah Yusuf.
We discussed Almighty Allah's Mercy in the last Surah. Emphasis is laid on His punishment for sin to show that true justice includes both Justice and Mercy for Almighty Allah is Most Merciful and Patient while man is ungrateful, loves falsehood and is dishonest. Nabee Nuh (Noah) Alayhis Salaam walked righteously and humbly as in the Sight of Allah. With unselfish love for his people he warned them and taught them. But they did flout and reject his message with scorn and insults. Almighty Allah gave him directions to build an ark against the impending Flood which was to purify the world from sin and unrighteousness. In it were saved Nabee Nuh Alayhis Salaam and those who believed. So were promised salvation and Allah's Peace, and Blessings to the righteous evermore.
Awful were the fates of the 'Ad and Thamud, two mighty people of ancient Arabia. They rejected Almighty Allah and His Message and carried on in their evil ways. The 'Ad in their superstitions and arrogance, and the Thamud in their entrenched selfishness, denying to others the gifts of Almighty Allah's spacious earth! When the Mala'eeka, on a mission to Sodom and Gomorrah, Cities of the Plain, passed by Nabee Ebrahim Alayhis Salaam, he entertained them and received the Good News from them of the line of prophets to spring from his loins, he tried to intercede for the two wicked cities of sin and evil.
These cities were steeped in sin and had past all hopes of repentance. Hazrat Lut Alayhis Salaam preached to them but they flouted him and went to their fate, as did Midian, the people of Nabee Shu'ayb Alayhis Salaam who destroyed their commerce by fraudulent dealings and love of brute force. Marvellous are Allah's Mercies, and strange are the ways of ungrateful men. How the arrogant Fir'aun (Pharaoh) misled his people in resisting Almighty Allah's Message through Nabee Moosa Alayhis Salaam. Thus did they ruin themselves! It was they who wronged themselves: for Allah and His punishment are just: All men will be brought to the Seat of His Judgement.
This Surah deals with the story of Nabee Yusuf Alayhis Salaam - and the 12 sons of Nabee Yaqoob Alayhis Salaam. This story is called "the most beautiful of stories" for three reasons: (1) It is the most detailed story in the Most Glorious Qur'an (2) It covers the trials and tribulations - the peaks and valleys, the ups and downs in human fortunes (3) it describes in detail with moral meanings, the attitudes and behaviour of people i.e. the great love of a father for his young son, the jealousy of the older half brothers, their plots, their aged father's sorrow, the sale of their young brother into slavery to a merchant for a "miserable price".
Sexual love, contrasted with purity, honesty, modesty, false charges, prison and interpretation of dreams, innocence raised to honour, the "sweet revenge of forgiveness and kindness, high matters dealing with the ruling of a country, constant remembrance of Almighty Allah Rabbul Ala'meen combined with the beauty of piety and truth. The merchant took him to Egypt, where a high court official ('Aziz) bought and adopted him. 'Aziz's wife tried without success to seduce Nabee Yusuf Alayhis Salaam. For refusing to succumb to her sexual advances she laid false charges against him and he was jailed.
And Almighty Allah knows best
To be continued Insha'Allah.............
Abdul Hamid Lachporia